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Phyllostachys nigra - Black Bamboo

English Name: Black Bamboo
Japanese Name: Kurochiku
Max Height: 55 Feet (17 m)
Max Diameter: 3.25 inches (8.3 cm)
Minimum Temp: 0°F (-18°C)
Light Exposure: Full sun – partial shade
Rhizome System: Running (leptomorph)

Notes: Phyllostachys nigra is one of the most popular choices of ornamental bamboo in both the United States and Asia. The culms start out green in color, eventually becoming completely black. The dark culms contrast with the light green leaves, making this species especially eye catching in the garden. It typically takes 2-3 years for the culms to take on this jet black color. The progression from green to black usually starts at the nodal ridge, eventually working its way to the center of the internode. The culms are somewhat thin, and have a tendency to arch or bend outward when growing. It is native to China, and is believed to be the first bamboo introduced into the United Kingdom.


Phyllostachys nigra Black Bamboo Culm
Black Bamboo Culm. Phyllostachys nigra.(Photo: Rob Cowie)


Black Bamboo Grove Phyllostachys nigra
Phyllostachys nigra. Black Bamboo Grove.